Groups Promoting Oppression or Right-Wing Agendas


You must remember this,
A list is just a list,

A file is just a file...

Apologies to the lyricist and to Sam. A list does not imply a conspiracy, a file is not a critique, a database is not an analysis. This annotated list is designed as a reference guide for anyone who may easily be confused by the enormous number of unfamiliar or similar sounding names that surface when one begins to study the U.S. political Right and what has come to be known as the Culture Wars.

There is confusion and honest disagreement over terminology when discussing right-wing movements and the Culture Wars. For instance, Political Research Associates (PRA) does not call the Christian Coalition “Extreme Right” and avoids the terms “Radical Right” and "religious political extremist" because they reflect a specific school of social science analysis that has been persuasively challenged by more nuanced research. The Institute for First Amendment Studies prefers the term “hard right.” Some look at the Christian Right and divide it into conservatives and theocratic nationalists. Others use many of these terms interchangeably.

At PRA we see the American political Right as divided into three key segments: the traditional conservative Right; the more aggressive Christian Right; and the xenophobic Right ranging from right-wing populists to extreme right groups such as the KKK or neonazis that are based on theories of biological determinism or promote right-wing revolution. While there is some ideological and membership overlap at the edges of these three segments, they are viewed here as discrete social/political movements. In addition, we further subdivide the Right into the Hard Right, Old Right, New Right, ultraconservatives, reactionaries, right-wing libertarians, neoconservatives, paleoconservatives, and many more categories.

We have included in this directory both groups and a few individuals we describe as ideologues. By ideologue we mean a leader who shapes policy through their intellectual labor or who create consensus or coalition through networking or serving as movement gatekeepers. They are important even if they are not linked to a particular institution.

It is a mistake to conclude that all the groups or individuals listed below work together. For instance, the conservative Heritage Foundation is a long-standing critic of the extreme right LaRouche Network. Some traditional conservatives are offended by the sweeping changes proposed by the more reactionary and ultraconservative activist Right. The Extreme Right views both the Christian Right and conservatives as weak-willed or active agents of the global conspiracy to "enslave" patriotic White Americans.

It is unfair to conclude that every group or individual listed is primarily identified as right wing. Some groups are listed because their proposals regarding obscenity or depiction of violence have come into conflict with the artistic community. Some moderate conservative groups are listed because a small portion of their agenda includes issues such as opposition to abortion, or stereotyping of gays and lesbians. Not every idea promoted by every group listed here will be found objectionable by a reader concerned about potential infringements on civil rights and civil liberties by hard-right religious and secular groups. Some proposals by the groups listed may appeal to individuals across the political spectrum. Extreme Right groups such as the LaRouche network, Liberty Lobby, and the Christian Identity movement are listed because they attempt to join more moderate right-wing populist and conservative coalitions. Some groups are listed because some have confused or conflated them with other groups.

Addresses and phone numbers are provided for groups and publications when readily available, but some groups listed will be defunct by the time you read this. Addresses and phone numbers change regularly. It pays to double check to be sure the information is current.

Finally, the First Amendment means what it says, and PRA does not advocate demonizing, censoring, or abridging the rights of any groups or individuals based on their beliefs.

Chip Berlet

Senior Analyst

Political Research Associates

Right-Wing Groups

Accuracy in Academia

4455 Connecticut Ave., NW, Ste. 330, Washington, DC 20008, 202/364-3085
Reactionary watchdog group fighting perceived liberal bias in academia. Run by Reed Irvine. Publishes Campus Report. See Accuracy in Media.

Accuracy in Media

4455 Connecticut Ave., NW, Ste. 330, Washington, DC 20008, 202/364-4401
Reactionary watchdog group fighting perceived liberal bias in the media. Run by Reed Irvine. Publishes AIM Report. See Accuracy in Academia.

American Center for Law & Justice

PO Box 64429, Virginia Beach, VA 23467, 757/226-2489
Legal action in support of Christian principles. Founded by Pat Robertson in 1990. Headed by Jay Sekulow. Has multiple offices.

American Civil Rights Institute

PO Box 188350, Sacramento, CA 95818, 916/444-2778
Founded by Ward Connerly in 1997, ACRI uses encoded language to oppose affirmative action. Connerly and ACRI led the Proposition 209 effort in California, which dismantled affirmative action programs in the state.

American Conservative Union

1007 Cameron St., Alexandria, VA 22314, 800/ACU-7345, 703/836-8602
Central clearinghouse for networking conservatives loyal to the Old Right “Taft Wing” of the Republican Party.

American Council on Science & Health

1995 Broadway, 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10023, 212/362-7044
Challenges strict environmental regulations. Member, Earth Day Alternatives coalition in 1990.

American Family Association

PO Drawer 2440, 107 Parkgate, Tupelo, MS 38803, 662/844-5036
Specializes in leading corporate boycotts. The AFA’s main interests are in fighting pornography, depictions of sexuality, and positive portrayals of gays in art and media. Publishes AFA Journal.

American Immigration Control Foundation

PO Box 525, Monterey, VA 24465, 540/468-2022
Opposes “pro-alien special interest groups” by working “to counter the well-heeled propaganda campaign of anti-American special interests."

American Legislative Exchange Council

910 17th St., NW, 5th Floor, Washington, DC 20006, 202/466-3800
An extremely influential think tank and network that mobilizes and trains conservative state legislators, and provides drafts of proposed state legislation.

American Life League, Inc.

PO Box 1350, Stafford, VA 22555, 540/659-4171
Opposes abortion rights. Publishes communiqué, a newsletter prepared by Judith A. Brown.

American Society for the Defense of Tradition, Family, and Property

PO Box 341, Hanover, PA 17331, 717/225-7147
Global network promotes a return to Catholic patriarchal oligarchy. Promotes the historical period of the Spanish Inquisition. Even some Catholic conservatives have written about TFP’s embrace of elements of fascism. Publishes Crusade Magazine.

American Spectator

2020 N. 14th St., Ste. 750, Arlington, VA 22201, 703/243-3733
A monthly magazine where neoconservatives and their allies attack liberals with snide broadsides. Edited by R. Emmett Tyrrell.

Americans for Truth Project

PO Box 45252, Washington, DC 20026-5252, 703/491-7975
Produces many antigay publications including the Lambda Report (now an online journal) which is dedicated to “Exposing and Opposing the ‘Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender’ Movement in American Politics & Culture.” Headed by Peter LaBarbera who was previously associated with the Springs of Life Church which produced The Gay Agenda video series in the early 1990s. AFTP is a project of Kerusso Ministries which was founded by former homosexual Michael Johnston.

Americans United for Life

310 South Peoria St., Ste. 300, Chicago, IL 0607-3534, (312) 492-7234
Opposes abortion rights.

Blue Ribbon Coalition

PO Box 1427, Idaho Falls, ID 83403-1427, (208) 524-3946
Off-road vehicle enthusiasts and corporate extractive industry supporters who challenge the environmental movement.

Campus Crusade for Christ International

100 Lake Hart Dr., Orlando, FL 32832, 407/826-2000
An influential Christian Right ministry on numerous college campuses in the United States and around the world. Dr. Bill Bright runs the Campus Crusade.

Cardinal Mindszenty Foundation

PO Box 11321, St. Louis, MO 63105, 314/727-6279
Established to fight communism, the predominantly Catholic group in recent years has detected the seeds of communism in various feminist and peace movements.

Catholic League for Religious & Civil Rights

450 Seventh Ave., New York, NY 10022, 212/371-3191
Dr. William A. Donohue oversees this group that appears to believe that Catholic religious and civil rights are incompatible with full rights and equality for women and homosexuals. Seeks constraints or codes that would affect free expression and the arts.

Catholics United for the Faith

827 N. 4th St., Steubenville, OH 43952, 800/693-2484
Promotes orthodox Catholicism against liberal inroads.

Cato Institute

1000 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20001, 202/842-0200
Influential libertarian public policy research center. Founded in 1977.

Center for Equal Opportunity

815 15th St., NW, Ste. 928, Washington, DC 20005, 202/639-0803
Former Reagan appointee and George W. Bush’s initial pick for Secretary of Labor, Linda Chavez is president of the Center. Abigail Thernstrom and Ron Unz (author of the anti-bilingual Proposition 227 in California) are on the board. Published a Parents Guide to Bilingual Education that educates parents to "learn how to remove their children from harmful [bilingual education] programs."

Center for Individual Rights

1233 20th St., NW, Ste. 300, Washington, DC 20036, 202/833-8400
Objects to campus codes attempting to regulate actions based on racist, sexist, or homophobic motivations. Challenges strict environmental regulations.

Center for Libertarian Studies

851 Burlway, Ste. 202, Burlingame, CA 94011, 800/325-7257
Paleoconservative think tank. Publishes Triple R (formerly the Rothbard Rockwell Report), edited by Llewellyn Rockwell, Jr.

Center for Reclaiming America

PO Box 632, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33302, 877/725-8872
An "outreach" of Coral Ridge Ministries. CRA seeks to "reclaim America for Christ." Led by Dr. D. James Kennedy.

Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise

12500 NE 10th Pl., Bellevue, WA 98005, 425/455-5038
Militant rhetoric opposing the plans of environmental activists. Founded by fundraiser Alan Gottlieb and directed by Ron Arnold, who co-authored the book, Trashing the Economy: How Runaway Environmentalism is Wrecking America.

Center for the Study of Popular Culture

PO Box 67398, Los Angeles, CA 90067, 800/752-6562
Former leftists David Horowitz and Peter Collier publish Heterodoxy, a newspaper-format monthly they call “articles and animadversions on political correctness and other follies.” Horowitz frequently appears on TV and radio to denounce the left and attack it for various “falsehoods.” He wrote Hating Whitey and has purchased anti-reparation ads in college newspapers.


600 Rinehart Rd., Lake Mary, FL 32746, 407/333-0600
Glossy monthly of the Christian Right.

Christian Anti-Communism Crusade

PO Box 129, Manitou Springs, CO 80829, 719/685-9043
For over 45 years this ministry, founded by Fred Schwarz, M.D., has fought communism and internal subversion. Schwarz retired in 1998 and David Noebel of Summit Ministries took the reins. Publishes Schwarz Report and Christian Anti-Communism Crusade newsletter. Promotes conspiracy theories about the origin and spread of AIDS.

Christian Coalition

499 So. Capitol St. SW, Ste. 615, Washington, DC 20003, 202/479-6900
The largest Christian Right group seeking to mobilize grassroots constituencies. Founded in 1989 by Pat Robertson. Other Robertson groups include the 700 Club, Regent University, and the Christian Broadcast Network.

Christian Identity

Not a single group, but a religious-political movement with a vindictive anti-Jewish and racist theology. Believes that Africans and African-Americans are "subhuman," and that Jews are the "spawn of Satan." Not to be confused with Christian Reconstructionism.

Christian Reconstructionism

Not a single group. The theocratic ideology that proposes replacing civil and criminal law with Biblical law. Leading advocates include the late R.J. Rushdoony and Gary North. Not to be confused with Christian Identity.

Christian Voice

One Cathedral Pl., Washington, DC 20069, 703/548-1421
Led by Robert Grant, Christian Voice lobbies against gay rights.

Citizens for Excellence in Education

See National Association of Christian Educators.

Coalition on Revival

PO Box 1139, Murphys, CA 95247, 209/728-2582
A modern reformationist movement founded and led by Jay H. Grimstead. COR represents the intersection of Christian Reconstructionism with the more conventional Christian Right.

College Republican National Committee

600 Pennsylvania Ave., SE, Washington, DC 20003, 202/608-1411
Sometimes takes positions that are far to the right of the Republican Party leadership.

Colorado for Family Values

3709 Parkmoor Dr., Ste. 103, Colorado Springs, CO 80917, 719/573-4229
Organized the campaign to enact Colorado's antigay Amendment Two, which was enjoined because it infringed on the constitutional rights of gays and lesbians. Founded and led by Kevin Tebedo and Tony Marco.

Competitive Enterprise Institute

1001 Connecticut Ave., NW, Ste. 1250, Washington, DC 20036, 202/331-1010
Challenges environmental regulations. Coordinates Earth Day Alternatives coalition.

Concerned Women for America

1015 15th St., NW, Ste. 1100, Washington, DC 20005, 800/458-8797, 202/488-7000
The nation’s largest conservative Christian women’s organization with chapters in 50 states. Founded by Beverly LaHaye, it considers high levels of defense spending and aggressive anticommunism to be integral to defending traditional family values.

Conservative Caucus

450 Maple Ave. E., Ste. 309, Vienna, VA 22180, 703/938-9626
Small but vocal group which opposed “the Clintonista plan to governmentalize U.S. medicine” and sponsors “Hillary Watch” tracking Senator Clinton “and her radical agenda.” Also wants to stop DC statehood, block taxpayer subsidies to homosexuals, abolish the IRS and terminate the income tax. Founded and led by Howard Phillips.

Constitution Party

23 North Lime St., Lancaster, PA 17602, 717/390-1993
Ultraconservative political party founded in 1992, formerly U.S. Taxpayers Party. Howard Phillips was its presidential candidate in the 1996 and 2000 elections. Constitution Party is explicitly antitax, antigovernment, anti-abortion. Seeks to abolish the IRS, close down the Department of Education and terminate federal funding for Planned Parenthood, AIDS education, and the National Endowment for the Arts.

Coral Ridge Ministries

5554 N. Federal Hwy, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33308, 954/772-0404
Major Christian Right ministry led by D. James Kennedy, who was on the founding Board of Directors of Jerry Falwell’s Moral Majority. Seeks the “application of biblical principles to all spheres of our culture and to all of life.” Affiliated with the Center for Reclaiming America.

Council for National Policy

3030 Clarendon Blvd., Ste. 340, Arlington, VA 22201, 703/525-8822
Policy and fundraising organization that brings together conservative and right-wing activists from many different groups. Usually refuses public comment about its meetings and other activities. Tim LaHaye was the founder and first president.

Eagle Forum

PO Box 618, Alton, IL 62002, 618/462-5415
Founded and led by Phyllis Schlafly, its best known campaign was against the ERA. Anti-feminist. Opposes comprehensive sexuality education. Publishes The Phyllis Schlafly Report.

Education Research Analysts

PO Box 7518, Longview, TX 75607, 903/753-5993
Reviews Texas school textbooks for signs of liberal permissiveness, antipatriotic sentiments or other ideas that threaten the "America way of life." Run by Mel and Norma Gabler.

English First

8001 Forbes Pl., Ste. 102, Springfield, VA 22151, 703/321-8818
Opposes bilingualism. Founded in 1986. Seeks to pass English Only amendments at the state and federal level. Considered politically to the right of U.S. English. Home to Larry Pratt (Gun Owners of America). The organization's strategy is to move all 50 state legislatures to pass English Only laws in order to ratify an amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

Exodus International

PO Box 77652, Seattle, WA 98177, 206/784-7799
The largest “gay reclamation” ministry, Exodus International promotes the conversion of gay men and lesbians to heterosexuals through therapy and submission to Jesus Christ. It describes itself as a “world-wide network of Christian organizations which minister to those overcoming homosexuality and other life-dominating sexual problems.”

Family Research Council

801 G St., NW, Washington, DC 20001, 202/393-2100
Influential think tank and lobbying group. Led by Gary L. Bauer, FRC was a division of James Dobson’s Focus on the Family from 1988 until October 1992, when IRS concerns about the group’s lobbying led to an amicable administrative separation.

The Federalist Society

1015 18th St., Washington, DC 20036, 202/822-8138
Conservative institute concerned with the law.

Federation for American Immigration Reform

1666 Connecticut Ave., NW, Ste. 400, Washington, DC 20009, 202/328-7004
Nativism packaged to appeal to a broader political constituency. Typical rhetoric from fundraising appeal: “There is no end to the ingenuity of illegal aliens when it comes to eluding our immigration authorities.” Founded by John Tanton. Not to be confused with the other FAIR, Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting.

Focus on the Family

8605 Explorer Dr., Colorado Springs, CO 80995, 719/531-3400, 800/232-6459
Influential profamily organization. Seeks to defend family, faith and traditional values. Founded and led by family counselor James Dobson, Ph.D. The organization has grown so large it has its own zip code.

Free Congress Foundation

717 Second St., NE, Washington, DC 20002, 202/546-3000
Run by New Right strategist Paul Weyrich, FCF evolved from the Committee for the Survival of a Free Congress and Free Congress Research and Education Foundation, and was founded by Colorado beer magnate Joe Coors. Other groups affiliated with FCF include Free Congress Political Action Committee. Publishes Empowerment!

Guns Owners of America

8001 Forbes Pl., #102, Springfield, VA 22151, 703/321-8585
Progun ownership group that is to the right of the NRA. Larry Pratt is Executive Director.

Heritage Foundation

214 Massachusetts Ave., NE, Washington, DC 20002, 202/546-4400
One of the most influential think tanks linking the Old and New Right. Focuses on economic issues, "government waste," foreign policy, and military issues. Challenges strict environmental regulations. Publishes Policy Review.

Hillsdale College

33 East College, Hillsdale, MI 49242, 517/437-7341
Ultraconservative college. See also Shavano Institute.

Human Life International

4 Family Life Lane, Front Royal, VA 22630, 540/635-7884
Promotes a wide range of right-wing political and economic goals as part of its anti-abortion agenda. Ideologically aligned with an orthodox Catholic perspective.

Independent Women's Forum

PO Box 3058, Arlington, VA 22203, 800/224-6000,
Antifeminist women's organization. "Provides a forum for American women who believe in individual freedom and personal responsibility." Publications include The Women's Quarterly and Ex-Femina.

Institute for Creation Research

ICR Graduate School, 10946 Woodside Ave., North, Santee, CA 92071, 619/448-0900
Seeks full integration of science and the Bible to “see science return to its rightful God-glorifying position.” Website includes list of “creation scientists.”Produces periodicals, research papers and videos for pastors, teachers and others.

Institute on Religion and Democracy

1110 Vermont Ave. NW, Ste. 1180, Washington, DC 20005, 202/969-8430
Regards the National Council of Churches as manipulated by Marxist ideologues. Condemns liberation theology. Trivializes attempts to deal with sexism, racism, homophobia, and classism within organized religion.

Intercollegiate Studies Institute

PO Box 4431, Wilmington, DE 19807-0431, 800/526-7022
A mainstay of the Old Right, the Institute publishes the monthly CAMPUS: America’s Student Newspaper; Intercollegiate Review; ISI Update; Political Science Review; and the quarterly journal Modern Age. Opposes multiculturalism and all forms of liberalism.

Jerry Falwell Ministries

Jerry Falwell, Lynchburg, VA 24514, 804/237-0770
Jerry Falwell is one of the most influential Christian Right televangelists who started the Moral Majority, then replaced it after a brief hiatus with the Liberty Alliance. He also founded Liberty University.

John Birch Society

PO Box 8040, Appleton, WI 54913, 920/749-3780
Ultraconservative and reactionary membership organization that promotes the theory that the New World Order is the function of centuries-old conspiracy of financial elites networked through the Trilateral Commission, Council on Foreign Relations, and other similar groups. Publishes The New American. Founded and led by Robert Welch until his death.

LaRouche Network

PO Box 889, Leesburg, VA, 20178, 703/777-9451, 888/347-3258
Far-right group run by the neofascist Lyndon LaRouche. LaRouche publications include The New Federalist and Executive Intelligence Review; other LaRouche groups include the Club of Life and the Schiller Institute.

Leadership Institute

Steven P.J. Wood Building, 1101 N. Highland St., Arlington, VA 22201, 703/247-2000
Conservative training ground for right-wing youth. Includes an employment placement service and intern program that places institute attendees in prominent right-wing organizations. Founded in 1979 by Morton C. Blackwell to "identify, recruit, train and place conservatives."

Liberty Lobby

300 Independence Ave., SE, Washington, DC 20003, 202/544-1794
Far-right think tank. While calling itself a populist group defending family values and American patriotism, Liberty Lobby is a major source of bigotry against Jews. Liberty Lobby publishes The Spotlight, a newspaper with a circulation of over 100,000.

Liberty University

1971 University Blvd., Lynchburg, VA 24502, 804/582-2000
Jerry Falwell, former head of the now-defunct Moral Majority, is founder and chancellor of Liberty University. See Jerry Falwell Ministries.

Media Research Center

325 S. Patrick St., Alexandria, VA 22314, 703/683-9733
Opposes any traces of liberalism on TV or in films.Publications include MagazineWatch and MediaNomics.

Morality in Media

475 Riverside Dr., Ste. 239, New York, NY 10115, 212/870-3222
Founded in 1962, now headed by Kevin M. Beattie, the group opposes all forms of what it considers pornography and obscenity.

National Association of Christian Educators (NACE)/Citizens for Excellence in Education (CEE)

PO Box 3200, Costa Mesa, CA 92628, 949/251-9333
Both groups are headed by Robert L. Simonds, who is on the Coaliton on Revival (COR) Steering Committee. NACE works closely with COR. NACE’s purpose is “to reclaim our Christian heritage in our public schools.” CEE is a division of NACE. Argues that students in public schools are “being taught a socialist global worldview, and being indoctrinated with new age, atheistic and value-free ideologies.” Together, both groups publish the Educational Newsline newsletter.

National Association of Evangelicals

1001 Connecticut Ave., NW, Ste. 522, Washington, DC 20036, 202/789-1011
A large and influential group that represents conservative evangelicals in Washington, DC.

National Association for the Research and Therapy of Homosexuality

16633 Ventura Blvd., Ste. 1340, Encino, CA 91436, 818/789-4440
Secular exgay organization comprised of psychoanalysts, psychiatrists and others who advocate for homosexuals to convert to heterosexuality.

National Committee of Catholic Laymen

215 Lexington Ave., New York, NY 10016, 212/685-5210
Publishes Catholic Eye, a conservative Catholic newsletter. Related to Human Life Foundation, Inc. and connected to the National Review.

One Nation/One California

English for the Children, 555 Bryant St., #371, Palo Alto, CA 943011, 650/853-0360
Millionaire Ron Unz's organization through which he ran the antibilingual education campaign Proposition 227 in California.

Operation Rescue

PO Box 740066, Dallas, TX 75374, 972/494-5316
Aggressively fights abortion rights with militant clinic actions that cross the line from civil disobedience to assault. Founded in Binghamton, NY. Headed by Philip (Flip) Benham.

Opus Dei

524 North Ave., Ste. 200, New Rochelle, NY 10801, 914/235-1201
Reactionary fundamentalist Catholic lay society. Extremely influential within the central administration of the Roman Catholic Church.

Oregon Citizen’s Alliance

PO Box 9276, Brooks, OR 97305, 503/463-0653
Started by Lon Mabon, the OCA sponsored the anti-gay Oregon Abnormal Behavior and Student Protection Act Initiatives. Mabon was briefly head of the Oregon chapter of the Christian Coalition. OCA has been active in nearby states trying to organize similar groups.

Pacific Legal Foundation

10360 Old Placerville Road, Ste. 100, Sacramento, CA 95827, 916/362-2833
Conservative legal foundation. Challenges environmental regulations.

Parents and Friends of Ex-Gays (P-FOX)

1401 1/2 King St., Alexandria, VA 22314, 703/739-8220
Christ-centered network of "parents, friends and family of loved ones struggling with homosexuality." Advocates for lesbians and gay men to convert to heterosexuality through religious conversion.

Parents’ Music Resource Center

PO Box 815, McLean, VA 22101, 703/748-3130
Seeks constraints or codes that would affect free expression and the arts. Supports parental warning system for music it finds offensive. Some fear this would lead to censorship. Among the founders were: Tipper Gore, wife of former Vice President Albert Gore; Susan Baker, wife of former Secretary of State James Baker; Georgie Packwood, wife of former Senator Robert Packwood; and Nancy Thurmond, wife of South Carolina Senator Strom Thurmond.

Pioneer Fund

1204 Third Ave., Ste. 150, New York, NY 10021, 212/696-8635
Funds research in a pattern that suggests a problematic concern with biologically-determinate racial nationalism. Stated goal is to aid “research and study into the problems of human race betterment with special reference to the people of the United States."

Pioneer Institute

85 Devonshire St., 8th Floor, Boston, MA 02109, 617/723-2277
Conservative state think tank promoting free market solutions to social problems. Founded in 1988 by Lovett C. Peters, “a Boston businessman, philanthropist, and trustee of the Foundation for Economic Education and Hillsdale College.”

Plymouth Rock Foundation

1120 Long Pond Rd., Plymouth, MA 02360, 508/833-1189, 800/210-1620
Rus Walton leads a campaign to promote the idea that America was meant to be a Christian nation in an effort to “reclaim America for Jesus Christ.”

Political Economy Research Center

502 S. 19th Ave., Ste. 211, Bozeman, MT 59718, 406/587-9591
Conservative think tank. Challenges strict environmental regulations.

Populist Party

Repeated schisms make it difficult to track, but essentially an electoral formation that promotes a hard right-wing version of populism regarding government bureaucracy, mixed with nativism that in some instances embraces theories of racism and fascism.

Pro-Life Action League

6160 N. Cicero Ave., Ste. 600, Chicago, IL 60646, 773/777-2900
Director Joseph M. Scheidler is author of Closed: 99 Ways to Stop Abortion. Promotes militant direct action.

Project Reality

PO Box 97, Golf, IL 60029, 874/729-3298
Produces the abstinence-only curricula Choosing the Best and Facing Reality. Director is Kathleen M. Sullivan. Original name of Project Reality was Project Respect, which was a subsidiary of the Committee on the Status of Women, run by Sullivan. Project Respect originally promoted Sex Respect, an abstinence-only curriculum now handled by Respect, Inc. (Not to be confused with Respect, Inc., despite earlier ties.)

Project Respect

Renamed. See Project Reality.

Promise Keepers

PO Box 11798, Denver, CO 80211-0798, 866/776-6473
Mass-based Christian men’s movement. Founded by University of Colorado football coach Bill McCartney in 1990. While projecting an image of spirituality, leaders of Promise Keepers seem bent on gaining social and political power. Promise Keepers say men should “reclaim” authority from their wives.

Reason Foundation

3415 S. Sepulveda Blvd., Ste. 400, Los Angeles, CA 90034, 310/391-2245
Conservative libertarian think tank. Challenges strict environmental regulations.

Respect, Inc.

PO Box 349, Bradley, IL 60915, 815/932-8389
Produces Sex Respect abstinence-only curriculum designed to replace comprehensive sexuality education courses. Early workbook written by Coleen Kelly Mast.

Rockford Institute

928 North Main St., Rockford, IL 61103, 815/964-5819
Paleoconservative think tank. Publications of the Rockford Institute, which is led by Allan Carlson, include: The Family in America, and Chronicles (formerly Chronicles of Culture). A main concern is the erosion of traditional values resulting from an increasingly pluralistic society.

Rutherford Institute

PO Box 7482, Charlottesville, VA 22906-7482, 804/978-3888
Founded by John W. Whitehead, the Rutherford Institute distributes tapes from the late Reconstructionist leader R.J. Rushdoony and ultraconservatives such as Phyllis Schlafly of Eagle Forum, among others. Promotes the secular humanism conspiracy theory. Recently has moderated its public image.

Scaife Foundations

One Oxford Center, 301 Grand St., Ste. 3900, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, 412/392-2900
Four family foundations: Sarah Scaife Foundation, Scaife Family Foundation, Allegheny Foundation and the Carthage Foundation. All are leading funders of conservative and ultraconservative causes.

Shavano Institute

Hillsdale College, 33 E. College St., Hillsdale, MI 49242, 517/437-7341, 800/437-2268
Hosted by Hillsdale College. Conservative think tank and policy analysis group.

Smith Richardson Foundation

60 Jessup Road, Westport, CT 06880, 203/222-6222
Leading funder of conservative and ultraconservative causes.

State Policy Network

6255 Arlington Blvd., Richmond, CA 94805-1601, 510/965-9700
A loosely-knit network of conservative state think tanks, networks, and legal foundations. The State Policy Network replaced an earlier network called the Madison Group.

Summit Ministries

Box 207, Manitou Springs, CO 80829, 719/685-9103
Led by David Noebel, formerly of Billy James Hargis’s Christian Crusade. Summit publishes The Summit Journal. Noebel is author of a textbook used by the Christian Right: Understanding the Times: The Story of the Biblical Christian, Marxist/Leninist and Secular Humanist World View News.

Teen Aid, Inc.

723 E. Jackson, Spokane, WA 99207, 509/466-8679, 800/357-2868
“An organization which develops, promotes, and provides family life education materials that focus on premarital abstinence and parent/teen communication.” Opposes comprehensive sexuality education, publishes Me, My World, My Future among other abstinence-only curricula.

Tim LaHaye Ministries

PO Box 2700, Washington, DC 20013, 703/830-4898
Led by Tim LaHaye, a former leader of Moral Majority and the Council for National Policy. Publishes Pre-Trib Perspectives.

Traditional Values Coalition

100 South Anaheim Blvd., Ste. 350, Anaheim, CA 92805, 714/520-0300
Founded and led by Rev. Louis P. Sheldon, TVC is active in supporting antigay initiatives and opposes school-based counseling programs for gay and lesbian teens. Roger Magnuson, author of Are Gay Rights Right?, is a frequent contributor to the TVC newsletter.

U.S. English

1747 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Ste. 1100, Washington, DC 20006, 202/833-0100
Opposes bilingualism. Founded in 1983 by Senator S. I. Hayakawa and Dr. John Tanton. Tanton chaired U.S. English until he departed after a scandalous memo was leaked. The memo also led to Linda Chavez resigning from her position as Director. Their goal is to make English the only legitimate language of government at all levels. It has two arms: U.S. English Inc., which lobbies at the state and federal level to abolish bilingual education, as well as to make English the only language used in government business; and the U.S. English Foundation, a non-profit organization which shares the same goals.

U.S. Taxpayers Party

See Constitution Party.

Young America’s Foundation

110 Elden St., Herndon, VA 20170, 800/292-9231
Influential right-wing youth organization. Established by friends and former leaders of Young Americans for Freedom.

Young Americans for Freedom

PO Box 3951, Wilmington, DE 19807, 877/YAF-2170
National organization of ultraconservative college students.

Right-Wing Ideologues

Samuel Blumenfeld

A prolific writer currently writing weekly articles for Is also author of NEA: Trojan Horse in American Education, a major source of the theory that the National Education Association is part of an immense secular humanist conspiracy. Previously published the Blumenfeld Education Report. Back issues will be available on CD-rom, through his commercial website,

Patrick Buchanan

Xenophobic economic nationalist and populist. Left the Republican Party during the 2000 presidential election and ran on the Reform Party ticket with Lenora Fulani, from the New Alliance Party.

Linda Chavez

See Center for Equal Opportunity.

Ward Connerly

Member of the University of California Board of Regents, African-American conservative, and proponent of California’s anti-affirmative action Proposition 209. See American Civil Rights Institute.

Holly Coors

Of the Adolph Coors Foundation. On the Heritage Foundation Board of Trustees since 1998. President and Founder of Women of Our Hemisphere Achieving Together.

James Dobson

See Family Research Council and Focus on the Family.

Dinesh D’Souza

A founder of the right-wing student paper, the Dartmouth Review, later served as senior domestic policy analyst in the White House from 1987 to 1988. A research scholar at the American Enterprise Institute , and author of numerous books, including The Virtue of Prosperity and The End of Racism. Opposes affirmative action.

Jerry Falwell

Televangelist and founder of now-defunct Moral Majority. See Coral Ridge Ministries and Liberty University.

Steve Forbes

Editor of Forbes magazine and 1996 Republican presidential primary candidate who advocated for a flat tax. Founded Americans for Hope, Growth and Opportunity.

Samuel T. Francis

Isolationist concerned about promoting White culture as cornerstone of U.S. national sovereignty. Authored the security section of the Heritage Foundation’s Reagan transition study, and became legislative assistant for national security to ultraconservative Senator John P. East. Has written for the Washington Times during 1980s, for Rockford Institute’s Chronicles during 1990s and New American. Has served as cochairman to American Immigration Control Foundation and board member of Council of Conservative Citizens.

David Horowitz

See Center for the Study of Popular Culture.

Dr. D. James Kennedy

Influential in the Protestant theocratic right.See Center for Reclaiming America and Coral Ridge Ministries.

Beverly LaHaye

See Concerned Women for America.

Tim LaHaye

See Tim LaHaye Ministries and Council for National Policy.

Rev. Sun Myung Moon

Leader of the Unification Church, which promoted Moon as a successor to Jesus and maintained a dictatorial internal structure to build, in Moon’s words, “an automatic theocracy to rule the world.” Cultivated ties with Christian Right and ultraconservative leaders in the United States, the Reagan administration and the World Anti-Communist League.

Reed Irvine

See Accuracy in Academia and Accuracy in Media.

Grover Norquist

President of Americans for Tax Reform and arguably Washington's leading right-wing strategist. He helped design former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich's 1994 Contract With America.

Marvin Olasky

One of President George W. Bush’s most influential advisors. Author of Compassionate Conservatism: What it is, What it Does and How it Can Transform America. Coined the concept “compassionate conservatism,” the basis of Bush’s faith-based initiative. Professor of journalism at the University of Texas at Austin and editor of World.

Howard Phillips

See Conservative Caucus and Constitution Party.

Larry Pratt

See English First and Guns Owners of America.

Pat Robertson

See American Center for Law & Justice and Christian Coalition.

R.J. Rushdoony

Late leader of Christian Reconstructionist theology and founder of the Chalcedon Foundation. See Christian Reconstructionism and Rutherford Institute.

Richard M. Scaife

Multimillionaire heir to the Mellon family fortune and a major ultraconservative funder of right-wing causes. Controls three foundations, Sarah Scaife Foundation, Carthage Foundation and Allegheny Foundation. Vice Chairman of the Heritage Foundation Board of Trustees. See Scaife Foundations.

Francis A. Schaeffer

Evangelical activist and a pioneer of dominion theology. Argued against secular humanism and abortion, and challenged Christians to take control of a sinful society. Influenced many early Christian Right activists, including Tim LaHaye, John W. Whitehead, Randall Terry and Jerry Falwell. Founder of the L’Abri Fellowship in Switzerland, and author of How Should We Then Live? and Whatever Happened to the Human Race?.

Phyllis Schlafly

See the Eagle Forum and the Rutherford Institute.

Rev. Lou Sheldon

Was appointed by George W. Bush to a religious advisory council to help implement Bush’s faith-based initiative. See Traditional Values Coalition.

Christina Hoff Sommers

W. H. Brady Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, formerly a professor at Clark University. Author of Who Stole Feminism? How Women Have Betrayed Women and The War Against Boys. Claims that most feminist battles have been won and women are achieving as much or more than men are.

John Tanton

Editor and publisher of The Social Contract. Founded U.S. English and Federation for American Immigration Reform (see above). Formerly president of the Northern Michigan Planned Parenthood chapter. From 1971-1975 he was chairman of the Sierra Club National Population Committee and from 1975-1977 he was president of Zero Population Growth.

Randall Terry

Militant antichoice activist, and founder and former leader of Operation Rescue (see above). Founded Christian Leadership Institute “to identify, equip and raise up men who will rebuild American institutions on the Ten Commandments.” Hosts “Randall Terry Live,” a daily radio program.

Abigail Thernstrom

A Senior Fellow at the Manhattan Institute in New York, a commissioner on the U.S. Civil Rights Commission and a member of the Massachusetts State Board of Education. Co-author with husband, Stephan Thernstrom, of America in Black and White: One Nation, Indivisible. Opponent of race-based programs, including affirmative action. See Center for Equal Opportunity.

Ron Unz

See Center for Equal Opportunity and One Nation/One California.

Paul Weyrich

See Free Congress Foundation. Also leader of Coalitions for America.

John W. Whitehead

See the Rutherford Institute.

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