The International Workers Party
After leaving the NCLC, Newman formed the International Workers Party
(IWP). The Newmanite document issued upon their leaving NCLC and establishing
the International Workers Party re-affirms a commitment to carry out
current and future joint work with the LaRouche organization. The charge
of a direct and ongoing LaRouche connection to the Newmanites, however,
appears to be speculation--no credible reports of a direct connection
between Newman and LaRouche since the mid-1970's have been documented,
and it is unlikely that any such relationship exists today.
Manipulative and Confrontational Style
In many ways the theory, ideology, strategy, tactics, and internal
organizing practices of the LaRouchites and the Newmanites are very similar:
- A methodological link between the psychological and the political
which forms both a theoretical world-view and a justification for indoctrinating
members through so-called "therapy".
- Psychologically coercive techniques to manipulate members' views
- Organizing strategies that target according to stratas or sectors
rather than social class.
- Attempts to establish hegemonic relationships with other similar
political groups, and, failing that, attempts to undermine the group
and establish parallel organizations.
- Virulent and unprincipled attacks on critics, including insults,
agent-baiting, threats by attorneys and defamation lawsuits.
- A shared political strategy (vanguardism with roots in Trotskyist
- Re-writing of the group's political and organizational history to
meet current needs.
- A closed and covert hierarchical internal structure that is not necessarily
congruent with the public organizational structure.
- Differentiation between internal in-group and external out-group
reality, use of propaganda, and implementation of a "secretsociety" style--all
markedly similar to that of a totalitarian movement.
These similarities do not change the fact that LaRouchite philosophy
is apparently neofascist while Newmanite philosophy is apparently left-progressive,
but it does mean that internally both groups have an authoritarian hierarchy
whose existence is denied, and both groups rely on psychologically-manipulative
theories to control core members. Both groups match a cult paradigm and
are far from democratic, despite outward claims and appearances.
It is crucial to note the relationship of LaRouche, Parente, and Newman
during the early 1970's in light of their subsequent activities. All
three white male political leaders saw Marxist revolution through the
prism of ego-mania, and used psychologically manipulative techniques
to enforce obedience in the institutions they have built-institutions
which sought political hegemony over other groups.
All three groups share many elements of a totalitarian movement as
outlined by Hanna Arendt in <The Origins of Totalitarianism>. In
recent years there has been a revisionist interpretation of Arendt's
work, linking nazism and communism as two sides of the same ideological
coin, or claiming that all communist or Marxist movements are totalitarian,
or that only nazi and communist ideologies can become totalitarian. Arendt
specifically repudiates this simplistic interpretation of her work when
she writes "...ideologies of the nineteenth century are not in themselves
totalitarian," and that although fascism and communism became "the
decisive ideologies of the twentieth century they were not, in principle,
any `more totalitarian' than others." According to
Arendt, the ideological victory of fascism and communism over other
twentieth century belief structures was "decided before the totalitarian
movements took hold of precisely these ideologies" as a vehicle
for seizing and holding state power.
A totalitarian movement is correctly defined by its style, structure
and methods not by its stated or apparent ideology.
The Intellectual Vanguard
The early theoretical writings of LaRouche and the early and current
theoretical writings of Newman reflect a derivative (and heretical) form
of Trotskyist Marxism that is both unusual and virtually unique on the
American Left. This shared theory is best described as an aberrant "Messianic" form
of Trotskyism with an ego-centric view of the importance of the individual
leader in shaping history, coupled with a patronizing "noblesse
oblige" approach to organizing the working class and people of color
that reflects a political colonialist mentality.
Journalist Dennis King has studied numerous internal documents from
the Newmanites and concluded that in terms of their political theory
of organizing, they make a crucial distinction between the core cadre
(primarily white intellectuals) and the "organic" members (primarily
people of color). According to King, the primarily-white intellectual
vanguard trained by Newman through "therapy" is in the process
of using "therapy" to raise the consciousness of the primarily
Black and Latino recruits so that some day in the future they will have
the wherewithal to actually lead the organization...but not yet. King
has described this as "paternalistic racism."