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1 See Frederick Clarkson, "Takin' It to the States: The Rise of Conservative State-Level Think Tanks," The Public Eye, vol. 13, nos. 2/3, Summer/Fall 1999, pp. 1-13.

2 Michael King, "The Last Puritan: Meet Marvin Olasky, Governor Bush's Compassionate Conservative Guru," The Texas Observer, May 14, 1999.

3 Frederick Clarkson, "Texas School Board Showdown," In These Times, July 26, 1998, p.10.

4 Robert Boston, "Reclaiming America for Christ?" Church & State, April 1999.

5 Katharine Mieszkowski, "You've Got Hate Mail," Salon, November 1, 2000.

6 "Election Countdown: How the Religious Right Mobilizes Their Voters," Right-wing Watch Online, People for the American Way, November 1, 2000.

7 David Gibson, "Christian Coalition: Missing in Action?" Religion News Service, November 5, 2000. See also, Jim Wallis, "The Rise and Fall of the Religious Right," beliefnet, November 5, 2000.

8 Frederick Clarkson, "Ralph Reed's Hour of Need," AlterNet, June 13, 1997.

9 Frederick Clarkson, Eternal Hostility: The Struggle Between Theocracy and Democracy, Common Courage Press, 1997, p.22.

10 Frederick Clarkson, "On the Road to Victory?" Church & State, January 1991, passim.

11 Rob Boston, "Bush League," Church & State, November 2000. Editor's note: the 2000 CC convention probably drew only slightly more than 1000 people.

12 Pat Buchanan showed up at the hotel in which the convention was taking place on the last day. In a room overflowing with more than 100 convention attendees he gave a speech that was cheered and heckled with almost equal vigor by Coalition members.

13 Rob Boston, "Hitting the Wall: Christian Coalition Voter Guides Blocked by Americans United," Church & State, November 2000.

14 Election Countdown, op. cit.

15 Clarkson, "Takin' It to the States," p.9.

16 Michael J. Gerson, "A Righteous Indignation," U.S News and World Report, May 4, 1998.

17 See the transcript of James Dobson's Speech before the Council for National Policy.

18 Chitra Ragavan, "Is Ashcroft Unsinkable? A Crucial Nomination is Stirring Up Both the Right and the Left," U.S. News and World Report,

19 See Clarkson, Eternal Hostility, pp. 80, 104-106, 117-119, 152-153.

20 James Clymer, "Post Election open letter," November 11, 2000, web site of the Constitution Party,

21 Judy Brown, "George Bush Not Pro-Life Says American Life League," American Life League News,

22 Kathleen Parker, "Election-year reality check: Abortion is here to stay," Jewish World Review, October 4, 2000.

23 Brian McGuire, "How Much Will Catholics Like Bush's Cabinet?" National Catholic Register, January 14, 2001, p.A1.

24 Deborah Caldwell and Steven Waldman, "Is Bush's Religious Charity Plan Sinking? Bush has found opposition to his faith-based initiative in the most surprising of places-among religious conservatives," beliefnet, See also, "Bush Ally Pat Robertson Blasts President's Faith-Based Initiative: TV Preacher Calls Funding of Minority Faith's `Appalling,' Says Plan Opens `Pandora's Box'," Americans United for Separation of Church and State, February 21, 2001.

25 "Soldiers in the Army of God," Home Box Office documentary, Marc Levin and Daphne Pinkerson, (producers) April 1, 2001.

26 See Frederick Clarkson, "Portrait of a soldier in a violent army: Fugitive's arrest sheds light on thosw who would kill in the name of life,"

27 See Eternal Hostility, op. cit., pp. 139-161, and passim. See also Frederick Clarkson "Anti-abortion violence: Two decades of arson, bombs and murder," and "Anti-abortion extremism: Extremists, `Patriots' and racists converge," Intelligence Report, Southern Poverty Law Center, Summer 1998.

28 "Abortion Fighters Find Refuge In Floyd: Men Were Fined Millions In Abortion Violence Case Last Year," Roanoke Times, October 22, 2000, p.A1.

29 Freedom Fighter Militia,

30 Donald R. Doyle, The Southern Ranger, July-August, 2000.

31 See Frederick Clarkson, "Christian Reconstructionism: Theocratic Dominionism Gains Influence," The Public Eye, vol. 8, no. 1, March 1994, pp. 1-7, and vol. 8, no. 2, June 1994, pp. 1-6. Christian Reconstructionist political strategy for a generation in California has been to build a local movement in which conservatives might be able to maximize their influence by being able to prevail in local GOP primaries for state legislature. In the 1990's this strategy nearly led to a Christian Right take over of both houses of the California legislature. A resurgent Democratic Party has since taken back the legislature.

32 Although he had campaigned on the promise to hang his plaque at the state supreme court, if elected, he ultimately demurred and hung it in his office instead. See Religion News Service, "Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore Keeps Commandments in Office, January 30, 2001.

33 Robert Boston, "Paula's Pals, Do John Whitehead And The Rutherford Institute Have A Jones To Bring Down The President?" Church & State, March 1998. See also Frederick Clarkson, "Paula's Onward Marching Christian Soldiers," The Consortium, August 1998.

34 For a detailed discussion see Surina Khan, Calculated Compassion, How The Ex-Gay Movement Serves The Right's Attack on Democracy, (Somerville: Political Research Associates, 1998).

35 John Rankin, Theological Education Institute Update Members, September 26, 2000, p.1.

36 John Rankin, "The Biblical View of Sexuality," The College Church, October 7, 2000, audiotape.

37 Ibid.

38 The Associated Press, "New Science Education Plan Evolving: State Board Endorses effort to revive emphasis of evolution theory," The Topeka Capital Journal, January 10, 20001.

39 Kathryn Cornell, "Race and Videotape: Critics Respond to Promise Keepers," the body politic, Jan/Feb 1998, pp.3-5. The body politic is no longer published, but many of its articles, including this one are still archived on its web site See also, Frederick Clarkson, Eternal Hostility; op. cit., pp. 187-202.

40 Cornell, "Race and Videotape," p.4.

41 Clarkson, Eternal Hostility, op. cit., pp. 196-197.

42 Reconstructionists argue that the Bible provides governmental "blueprints." Initial efforts to clarify the notion of "biblical law" were made by R.J. Rushdoony in his two-volume Institutes of Biblical Law (Presbyterian & Reformed Publishing Co., January 1980).

43 See Frederick Clarkson, "Million Moon March," Salon, October 9, 2000.

44 Shelvia Dancy and Adelle M. Banks, "Thousands Rally at Million Family March," Religion News Service, October 16, 2000.

45 Bill Berkowitz, "New Wine, Old Bottles: Conservative Coalition Launches Interfaith Council for Environmental Stewardship," Culture Watch, June 2000, pp. 1-7, p. 3.

46 Ibid.

47 Interfaith Council Environmental Stewardship web site,, October 20, 2000.

48 A Moment to Decide, passim.

49 Joseph L. Conn, "Compassionate Conservative?: Marvin Olasky And `Biblical Law' In America," Church & State, October 2000.

50 Clarkson, Eternal Hostility, passim.

51 Stephan Archer, "College for home-schoolers, Patrick Henry to focus on God, Constitution," /bluesky_exnews/19990625_xex_college_home.shtml, June 25, 1999.

52 Paul Weyrich, "A Moral Minority? An Open Letter to Conservatives from Paul Weyrich," February 16, 1999.

53 Paul Weyrich, "Creating a New Society," World, May 15, 1999, pp. 22-23.

54 Ibid.

55 Joseph L. Conn, "Rift on the Right: Right-Wing Strategist Paul Weyrich Says The Culture War Is Lost, But Dobson, Robertson And Other Religious Right Leaders Insist They've Just Begun To Fight," Church & State, April, 1999.

56 Robert Parry, "Dark Side of Rev. Moon: Buying the Right," The Consortium, August 11, 1997.

57 Daly, Crisis in Mainstream, op. cit., passim.

58 Joseph L. Conn, "The Bishops' Biased Blessing," Church & State, December 2000.

59 "Living the Gospel of Life: A Challenge to American Catholics," National Conference of Catholic Bishops, November 1998.

60 Diana Jean Schemo, "Nearing Retirement, Priests of the 60's Fear Legacy is Lost," The New York Times, September 10, 2000, p. A1.

61 Virginia Culver, "Bishop's Installation Plans Generate Flap," Religion News Service, March 9, 2001,

62 Eric Lipton, "Archbishop Asks for Support for Anti-Abortion Candidates," The New York Times, October 30, 2000, p.A12.

63 Priests for Life, web site,

64 "Bishops Vote to Strengthen Fight Against Partial-Birth Abortion," National Catholic Register, November 26, 2000, p.A1.

65 See Priests for Life: A New Era of Anti-Abortion Activism, Institute for Democracy Studies, October 1999.

66 "An Urgent Message for Lawmakers, Voters, and Those Running for Public Office From Fr. Frank Pavone, National Director of Priests for Life," The New York Times, July 21, 2000, full page ad, Section A.

The full text is available at the Priests for Life web site,

67 "Pro-Life Voters and Election Day 2000: Let An Informed Conscience Be Your Guide, Republican National Coalition for Life, October 20, 2000. See also Terence P. Jeffrey, "Can a Catholic Vote For Gore?" Human Events Online, October 13, 2000.

68 Robert Boston, "Preachers, Politics, and Campaign 2000," Church & State, September 2000.

69 John L. Allen, "Exclusive Claim," National Catholic Reporter Online, September 15, 2000

70 Ibid.

71 Edmund Doogue and Stephen Brown, "Vatican Statement on salvation is a `public relations disaster' for ecumenism," Ecumenical News Service, September 15, 2000,

72 Victor L. Simpson, "The Vatican Denies Book by Jesuit Theologian," The Boston Globe, February 2, 2001, p.A8.

73 Priests for Life, op. cit. See also, "Vote Anti-abortion in Upcoming Election, Catholic Leaders Urge," Church & State, November 2000,

74 Dan Milbank and Thomas Edsall, "Faith Initiative May Be Revised," The Washington Post, March 12, 2001, page A-1.

75 See Jennifer Butler, "For Faith and Family: Christian Right Advocacy at the United Nations," The Public Eye, vol. 9, nos. 2/3 , Summer/Fall 2000, pp. 1-17, 1-2; and "The Global Assault on Reproductive Rights," (New York: Institute for Democracy

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