Peter. (2001). " In Anthrax Probe, Questions of Skill, Motive: Some
Terrorism Specialists Suspect an Angry Loner With Scientific Knowledge," Washington
Post, November 5, 2001; Page A05
Howard. (1991). "Khadafy Connections," Now (Toronto
alternative weekly), July 4.
Mercenaries Sign on for Desert War," Searchlight, March 1991,
Richard. "Recap: The Third Position and the Political Soldiers" Searchlight,
January 1990, p. 8.
a brilliant short essay on the rise of the Nouvelle Droit see "Pograms
Begin in the Mind" by Wolfgang Haug, a transcribed lecture with
a challenging introduction by Janet Biehl. Green Perspectives, May
1992, (P.O. Box 111, Burlington, Vermont 05402).
two paragraphs are adapted from Berlet, Chip. (1994 ). Right
Woos Left: Populist Party, LaRouchian, and Other Neo-fascist Overtures
to Progressives and Why They Must Be Rejected. Cambridge, MA: Political
Research Associates. Online at http://www.publiceye.org/rightwoo/rwooz6_TOC.html.
Jeffrey, and Tore Bjørgo (Eds.). (1998). Nation and Race: The
Developing Euro-American Racist Subculture. Boston: Northeastern
University Press; Kaplan, Jeffrey, and Leonard Weinberg. (1998). The
Emergence of a Euro-American Radical Right. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers
Robert. (2000). "After Postmodernism: Reactionary Tribalism." American
Journal of Sociology, vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 40-87.
Poverty Law Center. (2000). "´Neither Left Nor Right´" Intelligence
Report, Winter 2000, pp. 40-47.
Griffin, Nature of Fascism, pp. 166-172. For general background,
see Jeffrey Kaplan and Leonard Weinberg, Emergence of a Euro-American
Radical Right; Jeffrey Kaplan and Tore Bjørgo, eds., Nation
and Race; Martin A. Lee, Beast Reawakens; Cheles, Ferguson,
and Vaughan, eds., Far Right in Western and Eastern Europe; Merkl
and Weinberg, eds., Encounters with the Contemporary Radical Right;
Hockenos, Free to Hate; Michael Schmidt, New Reich; Golsan,
ed., Fascism's Return. On philosophical aspects of neofascist
and ethnonationalist ideology, see Antonio, "After Postmodernism." On
occult roots of some neofascist movements, see Spielvogel and Redles, "Hitler's
for example, the magazines The Third Way and Scorpion.
Begins Move to the Top," The Monitor, January 1988, p. 5.
See also Lawrence, "Klansmen, Nazis, Skinheads," p. 33. On
antecedents, see Schmaltz, Hate.
Wolfing (leader of the Aryan Women's League), discussion with Tom Metzger
on "Race and Reason," aired on San Francisco public access
television, May 1989. See also Zia, "Women in Hate Groups."
Next For Metzger & WAR," The Monitor, March 1991, p.
9. For background on the skinhead subculture see Hamm, American Skinheads.
de Benoist, see Martin A. Lee, Beast Reawakens, pp. 208-215; on
convergence between continents, see Jeffrey Kaplan and Tore Bjørgo,
eds., Nation and Race; on Third Position and racially separate
nation-states, see Antonio, "After Postmodernism."
and Shanks-Meile, "White Power, White Pride!"
p. 124. See also Dobratz and Shanks-Meile, "Ideology and the Framing
Warren. (1995). Web of Hate: Inside Canada's Far Right Network. New York:
HarperPerrenial, p. 258.
the LaRouchite-Nation of Islam connection, see Magida, "Evil Twins";
Benjamin, "La Rouche, Nation of Islam Team Up"; Marable, "No
Compromise." For examples, see "´We Must Accept the Responsibility
of Freedom´: An interview with Minister Louis Farrakhan," New
June 12, 1995, pp. 5-7; Dennis Speed, "LaRouche, Farrakhan, Chavis
Mobilize Against Nazi Economics," New
July 15, 1996, pp. 1, 4. On Metzger's links with the Nation of Islam,
see Wayne King, "White Supremacists Voice Support of Farrakhan";
Southern Poverty Law Center, "Klan leader attends Farrakhan rally," Klanwatch,
The beginnings of the alliance between the LaRouchites and the Nation of Islam
track back to the early 1990s. The Nation of Islam's Final
ran an article by LaRouchite Carlos Wesley on Panama in its issue of May 31,
1990, p. 10. It was credited as a reprint from the LaRouchite Executive
The LaRouchite New
several articles praising the political work of Nation of Islam spokesman Dr.
Abdul Alim Muhammad (including articles on September 14, 1990, p. 1; and September
28, 1990, p. 10); and his speech at a LaRouchite Schiller Institute meeting
in Paris was reported in the Nation of Islam's Final
Call on December
24, 1990, p. 3. The Schiller Institute-Food for Peace Anti-War Teach In, December
15-16, 1990, featured Abdul Wali Muhammad, Editor of the Final
as a speaker; the meeting program is on file at Political Research Associates.
By 1992 joint campus appearances by representatives of Executive
The Nation of Islam, and The Schiller Institute, featured attacks on the Anti-Defamation
League (ADL); flyers are on file at Political Research Associates. This evolved
into publications and speeches claiming the ADL was part of a conspiracy involving
the Freemasons and the Ku Klux Klan, featuring a campaign to remove the statue
of Confederate General Albert Pike from its pedestal in Washington, DC; see,
for example, Marianna Wertz, "Pike Issue Before Congress," New
17, 1993, p. 1, which featured comments by the 1960s civil rights leader the
Rev. James L. Bevel, an African American who has worked with the LaRouchites
for many years. See also Brackman, Farrakhan's
Reign of Historical Error.
and Murray, "Icke Man Cometh"; Damian Thompson, "Gaia
Anti-Christ and the Ex-Files: A Trawl through the Cultic Milieu," lecture,
Kingston University, March 5, 1997, http://www. kingston. ac. uk/cusp/Lectures/Thompson. htm;
Derek Wall, "Darker Shades of Green," Red
no date, online archive, http://www. redpepper. org. uk/cularch/xdkgreen. html;
Will Offley, "David Icke and the Politics of Madness: Where the
New Age Meets the Third Reich," online essay, February 29, 2000,
http://www. publiceye. org/Icke/IckeBackgrounder. htm.
Icke-Anti-Semitic or Just Naive?" Green
British Green Party, 1995 statement reproduced by Green Party of Ontario
at http://www. flora. org/flora. action-forum/742,
retrieved May 1, 2000; "Greens to Protest David Icke at Hart House
Theatre, October 6," press release, Green Party of Ontario; "David
Icke: Part of the Problem, Not the Solution," leaflet produced by
Green Party Anti-Racist and Anti-Fascist Network; both online at http://www. flora. org/flora. action-forum/742,
retrieved May 1, 2000. See also Biehl and Staudenmaier, Ecofascism.
addition to those cited above (Berlet of Political Research Associates;
Ramos, of the Western States Center; Mozzochi and Rhinegard of the Coalition
for Human Dignity; and Novick of People Against Racist Terror), a number
of progressive voices were raised against the growing recruitment within
the Left by the Right, including author Sara Diamond; researcher Richard
Hatch; Erwin Knoll, editor of the Progressive;
author Holly Sklar; journalist David Barsamian, of Alternative Radio;
Tom Burghardt of the Bay Area Coalition for Our Reproductive Rights;
Hank Roth of the online Progressive News and Views; Michael Albert of Z
and columnist Joel Bleifus of In
among others. See also Barsamian, "Militias and Conspiracy Theories";
Givel, "Progressive Populism and Conspiracy Theories," "Conspiracy
Thinking, Part II"; Albert, "Conspiracy? . . . Not!," "Conspiracy?
. . . Not, Again."
29 Biehl, "Militia
Fever," citing Alexander Cockburn, "Who's Left? Who's Right?" Beat
the Devil column, Nation,
June 12, 1995, p. 820; and Jason McQuinn, "Conspiracy Theory vs.
Alternative Journalism?" Alternative
Winter 1996, p. 2.
and Rhinegard, Rambo, Gnomes and the New World Order, p. 1.
Paulson, "WTO Meets Amid Real Splits Opponents Outside, Divisions
Within Promise Raucous Week," Seattle
November 30, 1999, p. A1; "Violent Images Tarnish Orderly WTO Protesters," editorial, Seattle
January 10, 2000, p. A5; online at Newslibrary.
Poverty Law Center, "´Neither Left Nor Right.´"
report did not make these claims, and in fact carried a number of cautions
and caveats apparently ignored by many readers, but author Berlet heard
the report interpreted incorrectly by several law enforcement officials
and their consultants.
Ward Anderson, "Poor Nations' Leaders Back Washington Protesters;
Group Says IMF and World Bank Policies ´Stabilized Poverty,´" Washington
16, 2000, p. A31; Henry Allen, "That Was Then, This Is Now; In Today's
Revolution, Internet Takes the Place of Leadership," Washington
April 14, 2000, p. C1, online archive. On police abuse, see Terry J.
Allen, "Breaking Law to Keep Order."