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Faith and Religion, pp 93-124



1  Andrea Lee Smith, "Bible, Gender and Nationalism in American Indian and Christian Right Activism." PhD dissertation, Department of History of Consciousness, University of California, Santa Cruz, 2002, 91-92

2  Smith, "Bible, Gender and Nationalism," 92

3  Prison Fellowship, "About Prison Fellowship," http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 15, 2004).

4  Charles (Chuck) Colson, "A Worldview that Restores," http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 18, 2004).

5  Ibid.

6  Prison Fellowship. 2004. "Prison Fellowship's Prison Programs." Online press kit. http://demossnewspond.com/pf/presskit/pfprisonprograms.htm. Accessed on March 9, 2004.

7  Colson, "A Worldview that Restores."

8  Prison Fellowship, "About Prison Fellowship."

9  Prison Fellowship, online press kit, "Prison Fellowship's Prison Programs," http://demossnewspond.com/pf/presskit/pfprisonprograms.htm, ( accessed March 9, 2004).

10  Chuck Colson, Life Sentence, (New York: Fleming Revell, 1981) 14-15.

11  Prison Fellowship, "About Prison Fellowship."

12  Mark Early, "Teaching and Touching." Jubilee Extra, newsletter of Prison Fellowship, March, 2003.

13  Prison Fellowship, "Prison Fellowship Fact Sheet," online press kit, http://demossnewspond.com/pf/presskit/pffactsheet.htm, (accessed March 9, 2004).

14  Prison Fellowship, "Prison Fellowship's Prison Programs," online press kit, http://demossnewspond.com/pf/presskit/pffactsheet.htm, (accessed March 9, 2004).

15  Prison Fellowship, "InnerChange Freedom Initiative Fact Sheet," online press kit, http://demossnewspond.com/pf/presskit/pffactsheet.htm (accessed March 9, 2004).

16  Americans United for Separation of Church and State, Unfiled Complaint: Americans United for Separation of Church and State, et al v. Prison Fellowship Ministries, et al. USDC, Southern District of Iowa, Central Division. Draft provided by plaintiff

17  Mark Kleiman, "Faith-based Fudging, How a Bush-promoted Christian Prison Program Fakes Success by Massaging Data," Slate Online, August 5, 2003, http://slate.msn.com/id/2086617/, (accessed March 10, 2004.)

18  Prison Fellowship, online press kit, "Prison Fellowship's Angel Tree Fact Sheet," http://demossnewspond.com/pf/presskit/pfprisonprograms.htm, (accessed March 9, 2004).

19  Prison Fellowship, "Introduction to Angel Tree," http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 11, 2004).

20  Prison Fellowship, "Angel Tree Fact Sheet."

21  Prison Fellowship, "Angel Tree Fact Sheet."

22  Prison Fellowship, "Football Camp, Atlanta Falcons Host Football Camp for Angel Tree Kids," http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 11, 2004).

23  Prison Fellowship, "Introduction to Angel Tree."

24  Operation Starting Line, "About OSL," http://www.operationstartingline.net/channelroot/home/index/htm, (accessed March 11, 2004).

25  Prison Fellowship, "Prison Fellowship's Prison Programs."

26  Prison Fellowship, "The Wilberforce Forum Fact Sheet," online press kit, http://demossnewspond.com/pf/presskit/wffactsheet.htm, (accessed March 9, 2004).

27  Prison Fellowship, "About the Wilberforce Forum," http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 12, 2004).

28  Ibid.

29  Prison Fellowship, "Justice Fellowship Fact Sheet," online press kit, http://demossnewspond.com/pf/presskit/jffactsheet.htm, (accessed March 9, 2004).

30  Smith, "Bible, Gender and Nationalism," 106.

31  Justice Fellowship, "Mandatory Minimums Don't Work," http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 11, 2004).

32  Smith, "Bible, Gender and Nationalism," 106

33  Ibid.

34  John Graff and Justice Fellowship, "Voting Rights for Felons," July 16, 2003, http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 15, 2004).

35  Smith, "Bible, Gender and Nationalism," 106.

36  Justice Fellowship, "Idleness is Destructive: The Case for Prison Work Reforms," http://www.pfm.org. (accessed March 15, 2004).

37  Smith, "Bible, Gender and Nationalism," 106.

38  Justice Fellowship, "Sick Prisoners Growing Threat to Public Health," http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 11, 2004).

39  John Graff and Justice Fellowship, "Prison Telephone Systems," http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 15, 2004).

40  Justice Fellowship, "Protecting the Innocent: The Innocence Protection Act." http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 15, 2004).

41  Chuck Colson and Prison Fellowship, "The Horror of Prison Rape," Jubilee Extra, newsletter of Prison Fellowship, June, 2003.

42  Daniel W. Van Ness, "What's the Bible's Position on the Death Penalty?" http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 16, 2004).

43  Prison Fellowship, "Shattered Lives: Understanding and Protecting our Children from Sexual Abuse," Jubilee, Winter, 2003.

44  Smith, "Bible, Gender and Nationalism," 106-107.

45  Colson, Life Sentence, 189.

46  David Carlson, "The Face of Justice, A Note from the Editor," http://www.pfm.org, (accessed March 18, 2004).

47  Ibid.

48  Smith, "Bible, Gender and Nationalism," 136-137.

49  Smith, "Bible, Gender and Nationalism," 144.

50  Smith, "Bible, Gender and Nationalism," Ch. 2, "Set the Prisoners Free: The Christian Right and the Prison Industrial Complex."

51  Ibid.

52  Ibid.

53  Ibid.

54  Ibid.

55  Ibid.

56  Ibid.

57  Angela Hunt, and Kay Raysar, "Reconciling the Forgotten," Fundamentalist Journal 7 :23-27, March, 1988, 23. See also Cheryl Forbes, "What Hope for America's Prisons," Christian Herald 105, April 1982, 32-40.

58  See Ronald Nash, Why the Left is Not Right, (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996). See also "Denominational Leaders Address Drug Crisis," Christianity Today 34, November 19, 1990, 58-59 and Joe Maxwell, "Getting Out, Staying Out," Christianity Today 38, July 22, 1991, 34-36.

59  Michael Lienesch, Redeeming America, (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1993) 134.

60  David McKenna, "In the World," United Evangelical Action 30, Winter,1971, 6-7. See also Watson Spoelstra, "God Turns Prisons Inside Out," Christian Life 39, September, 1977, 30-31; 68-69 and Harvie Conn, "The City, Violence, and Jesus," Urban Mission 11, March, 1994, 3-5.

61  Charles Colson, Changed Hearts, (Washington, D.C.: Prison Fellowship Ministries, 1989) 78-82.

62  Roul Tunley, "Behind Steel Doors," Campus Life 37, October, 1978, 66-69. See also Harold Morris, "Today is the Day to Love," Fundamentalist Journal 7, March,1988, 29, 38 and Larry Isitt, "While Maximum Freedom in a Maximum Security Prison," Christianity Today 28, April 6,1984, 22-25.

63  S. May Vaughn, "The Surprising Results of Prison Ministry." Moody Monthly, May 1985, 22-26. See also Mike Sigler, , "PACE: Helping Prisoners Face Freedom," Christian Life, July 1978, 30-34.

64  Colson, Changed Hearts, 31.

65  Charles Colson, Life Sentence (Grand Rapids: Fleming H. Revell, 1979), 18, 64, 85, 109, 248, 256.

66  Colson, Life Sentence, 84.

67  Colson, Life Sentence, 116.

68  John Perkins, "Wanted: Black Leadership," Christianity Today, July 22, 1991, 36.

69  Charles Colson, "A Pilgrim's Progress," Prison Fellowship, 1998.

70  Andrea Smith, "The Devil's in the Details: The Christian Right and Race Reconciliation," Colorlines, (5) 1, Spring 2002, http://www.arc.org/C_Lines/CLArchive/story5_1_02.html (accessed January 28, 2005). See also Thomas Atwood, "Through a Glass Darkly," Policy Review 54, Fall, 1990, 44-52.

71  Roy Maynard, "God and Man Behind Bars," World, August 9-16, 1997,14-17. See also , Jo. Kadlecek, "The Other Face of Crime," World, March 12, 1994, 24.

72  Roy Maynard, "By Man Shall His Blood Be Shed," World, March 16, 1996, 17. Interestingly, however, World ran another article arguing that the war on drugs was a bust.

73  Charles Colson, Justice (Washington, D.C.: Prison Fellowship, 1988).

74  Marianne Meed, "Crime and Punishment--Or Should That Be Justice?" Faith Today, November/December, 1990, 32.

75  As William Boggess, an evangelical ex-inmate, notes, while conversion to Christ was central to his change in life, the system still conspired to prevent him from being effective in changing the lives of other prisoners. "I ran afoul of 'the system' which is setup to punish and not to rehabilitate."

76  Marshall Shelley, "The Death Penalty: Two Sides of a Growing Issue," Christianity Today, March 2, 1984, 16. See also Dave Llewellyn, "Restoring the Death Penalty: Proceed with Caution," Christianity Today, May 23, 1975, 11.

77  Al Heystek, "The War on Drugs," Perspectives, October, 5-8, 1996, 6.

78  Van Ness, "What's the Bible's Position on the Death Penalty?" 43.

79  James Skillen, "Cry for Justice, Hope for Shalom," in Don Smarto, ed. Setting the Captives Free, (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1993), 137.

80  Charles Colson, "Why Charles Colson's Heart is Still in Prison," Christianity Today, September 16, 1983, 15. See also Smarto, Setting the Captives Free, 1993.

81  Kim Lawton, "So What Should We Do with Prisoners" Christianity Today, November 4, 1988, 38-39. See also: Charles Colson, "Sentenced for Life," Moody, February 1980, 28-70.

82  Charles Colson,"God Behind Bars," Christian Life, September, 1985, 28-32.

83  Colson, Life Sentence, 117.

84  Colson, Life Sentence, 18, 57, 85, 292, 188.

85  Colson, Life Sentence, 279.

86  Colson, Charles, "Of Mice and Men," Eternity, March, 11, 1987, 11.

87  PhillipHammond and James Hunter, "On Maintaining Plausibility: the Worldview of Evangelical College Students," Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 23 (3) 1984, 221-238. Phillip Hammond and James Hunter argue that the processes of education have the tendency to shift the religious beliefs of evangelicals, noting that even the process of education in evangelical institutions generally tend to convert evangelicals into non-evangelicals. Of course, this study was conducted before the full force of the fundamentalist takeover of the Southern Baptist Convention was felt, in which many of the more liberal professors in these prominent evangelical educational institutions were fired and replaced by hardcore fundamentalists.

88  Eldridge Cleaver, "Soul on Grace: An Interview with Eldridge Cleaver," Eternity, May, 1977, 28.

89  Cleaver, "Soul on Grace," 37.

90  Cleaver, "Soul on Grace," 41.

91  Colson, Life Sentence, 170.

92  Ibid.

93  Colson, Life Sentence, 172.

94  Pew Research Center for People and the Press, "Faith-Based Funding Backed, But Church-State Doubts Abound," 2001, http://people-press.org/reports/display.php3?ReportID=15, (accessed November 3, 2004).

95  See "The Muslim Program" on the Nation of Islam website at http://www.noi.org/program.html.

96  See http://www.africawithin.com/mmm/mmmcall.htm.

97  See http://www.finalcall.com/artman/publish/article_1569.shtml; http://www.finalcall.com/artman/publish/article_1570.shtml.

98  Dean E. Robinson, Black Nationalism in American Politics and Thought, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001) 125-127.

99  Alex Todorovic, "They Call themselves Five Percenters, the Department of Corrections calls them Trouble," See http://www.scpronet.com/point/9604/p06.html

100  Dana Millbank, "Bush's Faith Based Initiative Will Meet Resistance," Washington Post, January 27, 2001, A10.

101  Bill Berkowitz, "Slouching toward Theocracy," WorkingForChange, February 6, 2004.

102  Americans United for Separation of Church and State, "President Bush and 'Faith-based' Initiatives," http://www.au.org/press/pr12601.htm. (accessed October 3, 2003).

103  Phil Wilayto, "The Bradley Foundation & George W.'s Faith-Based Initiative," ZMagazine, April 2001.

104  Phil Wilayto, "The Bradley Foundation & George W.'s Faith-Based Initiative," ZMagazine, April 2001.

105  Phil Wilayto, "The Bradley Foundation & George W.'s Faith-Based Initiative," ZMagazine, April 2001.

106  Don E. Eberly, America's Promise: Civil Society and the Renewal of American Culture (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998).

107  Don Eberly, ed., The Faith Factor in Fatherhood (Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 1999).

108  See http://www.fatherhood.org/.

109  Lewis C Daly, "Charitable Choice: The Architecture of a Social Revolution," IDS Insights, newsletter of Institute for Democracy Studies, September 2001, 1.

110  Phil Wilayto, "The Bradley Foundation & George W.'s Faith-Based Initiative," ZMagazine, April 2001.

111  Daly, "Charitable Choice," 3.

112  http://usembassy.state.gov/posts/in1/wwwhpr12004i.html accessed December 15, 2004.

113  Daly, "Charitable Choice," 6.

114  Wilayto, "The Bradley Foundation."

115  Wilayto, "The Bradley Foundation."

116  Thomas J. Harvey, "Government Promotion of Faith-Based Solutions to Social Problems: Partisan or Prophetic?" working paper of the Nonprofit Sector Research Fund, Aspen Institute, 1997, 12-14.

117  Wilayto, The Bradley Foundation."

118  John McCarthy and Jim Castelli, "Religion Sponsored Social Service Providers: The Not-So-Independent Sector," Working Paper of the Nonprofit Sector Research Fund, Aspen Institute, 1998, 63-64.

119  Harmon Wray, "Restorative Justice: Moving Beyond Punishment.," General Board of Global Ministries, United Methodist Church, 2002, 107-108.

120  Phil Wilayto, "Milwaukee Genesis: Where George W. Bush's 'Faith-Based Initiative Really Comes From," March 11, 2001. http://www.mediatransparency.org/stories/faithbased.htm (accessed February 17, 2004).

121  Daly, "Charitable Choice," 3.

122  Steve Benin, "Leap of Faith," Church and State Magazine, published by Americans United for Separation of Church and State, March 2001.

123  Wilayto, "The Bradley Foundation,"

124  Wilayto, "The Bradley Foundation"

125  Wilayto, "The Bradley Foundation,"

126  Daly, "Charitable Choice," 5.

127  Daly, "Charitable Choice," 5.



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