(sources from a pro-choice perspective)
Alvare, Helen, Marie C. Wilson and Naomi Wolf. “Abortion:
Whose Values? Whose Rights?” A panel discussion on abortion. Tikkun. vol.
21, (January 11, 1997), p. 54.
Barabak, Mark Z. “Some in GOP Suggest Softer
Stand on Abortion—For Sake of Victory.” Los Angeles Times, (March
27, 1999), p. A5.
Brodie, Ian. “Christian Right Tries the Gentle
Touch.” The Times (September 19, 1994).
Carney, Eliza Newlin. “Abortion as a Wedge Issue.” The
National Journal, vol. 27, no. 9, (March 4, 1995), p. 575.
Carney, Eliza Newlin. “Abortion Foes Fight the ‘Speech
Police.’” The National Journal, vol. 29, no. 47, p. 2783.
Clarkson, Fred. “Anti-abortion Extremists, ‘Patriots’ and
Racists Converge.” Intelligence Report, Issue 91,(Summer
1998) pp. 8-16.
Cook, P.J., A.M. Parnell, M.J. Moore, D. Pagnini. “The
effects of short-term variation in abortion funding on pregnancy
outcomes.” The Journal of Health Economics, vol. 18, no.
2, (April, 1999), pp. 241-257.
Dart, Bob. “Roe v. Wade: 25 Years Later.” The
Atlanta Journal and Constitution, Sunday, (January 18,
1998), p. 2E.
English, Deirdre. “The War Against Choice: Inside
the Antiabortion Movement.” Mother Jones, (Feb.-Mar.
1981), pp. 16-32.
Fishman, Ted C. “Wrongful Death: a New Strategy
in the War Against Abortion.” Playboy, vol. 44, no. 7,
Fried, Marlene Gerber. “Abortion in the United
States: Barriers to Access.” Health and Human Rights: an International
Journal, vol. 4, no. 2 (2000), pp. 174-194.
Goldberg, Kim. “Neo-Nazis and Pro-lifers; Violence
Against Abortion Clinics.” Canadian Dimension, vol. 29,
no. 2, (April, 1995), p. 30.
Gordon, Linda and Allen Hunter, “Sex, Family
and the New Right.” Radical America, vol. 11, no. 6/ vol.
12, no. 1, (November, 1977-February 1978), pp. 9-25.
Greene, Leonard. “Operation Rescue Makes Schools
Next Battleground.” The Boston Herald, (February 14,
1997), p. 6.
Hartmann, Betsy. “Reclaiming the Challenge:
Claiming the Ground Between Anti-abortion Activism and Aggressive
Population Control Programs.” Whole Earth Review, (December
22, 1995), p. 14.
Himmelstein, Jerome L. “The Social Basis of
Antifeminism: Religious Networks and Culture.” Journal for
the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 25, no. 1, (March,
Hopkins, Nick and Steve Richter. “Social Movement
Rhetoric and the Social Psychology of Collective Action: A Case
Study of Anti-abortion Mobilization.” Human Relations,
(March 1997), p . 261.
Hoyt, Mike. “Abortion: Partial Truths.” Colombia
Journalism Review, (May/June 1997), p. 12.
“Is Abortion the Issue?” Panel discussion held
at the New School for Social Research. Judy Woodruff served as
moderator. Participants: Linda Gordon, Sidney Callhan, Ellen
Willis, Ellen Wilson Fielding. Harper’s Magazine, vol.
273, (July, 1986), p. 35.
Leahy, Peter James. “The Anti-Abortion Movement:
Testing a Theory of Social Movements.” Ph.D. dissertation, Syracuse
University, (September, 1975).
Lewin, Tamar. “Malpractice Lawyers’ New Target;
Abortion Doctors.” Medical Economics, vol. 72, no. 12,
(June 26, 1995), p. 53.
Luker, Kristin. “The War Between the Women.” Family
Planning Perspectives, vol. 16, no. 3, (May/June, 1984),
Marshall, Susan E. “Rattle on the Right: Bridge
Labor in Antifeminist Organizations.” No Middle Ground: Women
and Radical Protest, ed. Kathleen Blee, op. cit. In “Secondary
Sources: Books,” pp.155-179.
Mason, Carol. “Cracked Babies and the Partial
Birth of a Nation: Mellennialism and Fetal Citizenship.” Cultural
Studies, vol. 14, no. 1, (2000) pp. 35-60.
___________. “From Protest to Retribution: The
Guerrilla Politics of Pro-life Violence.” New Political Science,
vol. 22, no. 1, 2000, pp. 11-29.
___________. “Minority Unborn.” In Fetal Subjects:
Feminist Positions, eds. Lynn Morgan and Meredith Michaels, op.
cit. in “Secondary Sources: Books”, pp. 159-174.
Monaghan, Peter, “Making Babies with New Technologies:
New Books Examine the Evolving Political Status of the Fetus.” The
Chronicle of Higher Education, (July 30, 1999), A10.
“New Catholic Group Promotes Right to Life.” The
Toronto Star, (October 1, 1994), p. K16.
Olsson, Karen. “Abortion Rights.” The Texas
Observer, (April 2, 1999), pp. 10-12.
Petchesky, Rosalind Pollack. “Fetal Images:
The Power of Visual Culture in the Politics of Reproduction.” Feminist
Studies, vol. 13, no. 2, (Summer, 1987), pp. 263-288.
“Preachers of Hate.” The Progressive, (December
1998), p. 8.
“Pro-life Terrorism: A How-to.” Excerpt from “The
Army of God.” Harper’s Magazine, (January, 1995), vol.
289, no. 1736, p. 19.
Puga, Ana. “Radicalizing Right to Life.” The
Boston Globe, (October 30, 1994), p. 26.
Rodriguez, Lori. “Rightist Minorities Open First
Conference.” The Houston Chronicle, (October 1, 1994),
Rome, Nik. “What Life Expectancy for Abortion
Pep?” Money Marketing, (October 1, 1998), p. 48.
Ross, Loretta J. “Anti-abortionists and White
Supremacists Make Common Cause.” The Progressive, vol.
58, no. 10, (October, 1994), p. 24.
Samuels, David. “The Making of a Fugitive.” The
New York Times Magazine (March 21, 1999), pp. 47.
“Some Antiabortion Activists Question Consequences
of GOP Welfare Reform.” The Washington Post, (February,
1, 1995), p. A4.
Swomley, John M. “Catholics and the Religious
Right.” The Humanist, vol. 56, no. 2 (March, 1996), p.
Swope, Christopher. “Abortion: Chapter II.” Governing
Magazine, (May 1998), p. 44.
Tannenbaum, Leora. “The
Abortionist: A Woman Against the Law.” The Nation, vol.
260, no. 4, (January 30, 1995), p. 142.
Turque, Bill. “Aborted Revolution?” Newsweek, (December
12, 1994), p. 38.
Wills, Garry. “Evangels of Abortion.” New
York Review of Books, (June 15, 1989), pp. 15-21.
Wolf, Naomi. “Our Bodies, Our Souls: Rethinking
Pro-Choice Rhetoric.” The New Republic, (October 16, 1995),
Wyatt, Sarah. “Late-term Abortion Bar Upheld
in Wisconsin.” The Boston Globe, (May 29, 1999), p. A3.
REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS BIBLIOGRAPHY
(sources from a pro-choice perspective)
Blanchard, Dallas A. The Anti-Abortion Movement
and the Rise of the Religious Right: From Polite to Fiery
Protest. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1994.
A concise history of how and why the
anti-abortion movement arose and what its philosophies and inner
workings consist of today.
Blee, Kathleen M. ed. No Middle Ground: Women
and Radical Protest. New York: New York University Press.1998.
A collection of articles about radical
women on both the right and the left, including anti-feminists.
Center for Reproductive Law & Policy. Tipping
the Scales: The Christian Right’s Legal Crusade Against Choice. New
York: Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, 1998.
A very useful collection of descriptions
of legal organizations that support anti-choice efforts.
Conover, Pamela Johnston and Virginia Gray. Feminism
and the New Right: Conflict over the American Family. New
York: Praeger Publishers, 1983.
An early study of the pro-family movement
and its impact on the ERA and abortion.
Diamond, Sara. Spiritual Warfare: The Politics
of the Christian Right. Boston: South End Press, 1989.
The definitive critique of the spectrum
of Christian Right politics, from televangelists and electoral
politics within the Republican Party to millennialists and international
missionary work. Includes an important chapter on right-wing
Dula, Annette and Sara Goering, eds. “It
Just Ain’t Fair”: The Ethics of Health Care for African Americans. Westport,
CT: Praeger, 1994.
A collection of articles on a wide range
of topics relating to health care for the African American community.
Ehrenreich, Barbara and Deidre English. Witches,
Midwives, and Nurses: A History of Women Healers. Old Westbury,
NY: The Feminist Press, 1973.
The first feminist pamphlet to connect
the decline of midwives with the rise of the medical establishment’s
control over women’s reproductive rights.
Eisenstein, Zillah R. Feminism and Sexual
Equality: Crisis in Liberal America. New York: Monthly
Review Press, 1984.
In questioning the direction of liberal
thought, this book critiques both conservatives like Phyllis
Schlafly and her vision of family life and the gender politics
of liberals, seeing both as fundamentally patriarchal and anti-feminist.
Feinman, Clarice, ed. The Criminalization
of a Woman’s Body. New York: Harrington Park Press, 1992.
A review of legal theories that intervene
in women’s reproductive choices from abortion, surrogate motherhood,
and prenatal “child abuse,” including crack babies. The focus
is on how the law stigmatizes women who deviate from traditional
Fried, Marlene Gerber, ed. From Abortion
to Reproductive Freedom: Transforming a Movement. Boston,
MA: South End Press, 1990.
A comprehensive collection of essays, some
valuable classics, that powerfully argues for expanding the abortion
movement to make it more inclusive of race, class and cultural
Fried, Marlene and Loretta Ross. Reproductive
Freedom: Our Right to Decide, Pamphlet no. 18. Westfield,
NJ: Open Media, 1992.
An early study of the pro-family movement
and its impact on the ERA and abortion.
Ginsburg, Faye D. Contested Lives: The Abortion
Debate in an American Community. Berkeley: University of
California Press, 1989.
An updated edition of a 1987 study of
Fargo, North Dakota and the pro-choice and pro-life narratives
that evolved among its residents.
Gorney, Cynthia. Articles of Faith: A Frontline
History of the Abortion Wars. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster,
A moving chronicle of the growth of
partisan alignments around the issue of abortion using the stories
of individuals deeply affected by abortion politics in Missouri
from the ‘60s to the ‘90s.
Guttmacher, Alan, ed. The Case for Legalized
Abortion. Berkeley: Diablo Press, 1967.
Written by an champion of women’s reproductive
rights in the pre-Roe era of state-level anti-abortion
statutes, this book helped to repeal many of those restrictive
Hartmann, Betsy. Reproductive Rights and
Wrongs: The Global Politics of Population Control. Boston,
South End Press, 1995.
A classic 1987 analysis of population
policies and their effect on women’s lives updated with an introduction
by Helen Rodriguez-Trias.
Irvine, Janice. Talk about Sex: The Cultural
Politics of Sexuality Education. New York: Oxford University
A comprehensive history of the Right’s
assault on sexuality education with a focus on its attacks of
Planned Parenthood and SEICUS.
Jacoby, Kerry. Souls, Bodies, Spirits: The
Drive to Abolish Abortion since 1973. Westport CT: Praeger,
A social history of the religious anti-abortion
movement, interspersed with sociological theories that help explain
Kinder, Donald R. and Lynn M. Sanders. Divided by Color: Racial Politics and Democratic Ideals.
Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Explores the terrain of recent American racial
politics by examining public opinion toward policies on race.
Luker, Kirsten. Abortion and the Politics
of Motherhood. Berkeley: University of California Press,
Based on extensive interviews on both
sides of the abortion conflict in California, the author presents
a convincing case that it is deeply rooted world view differences,
not merely political disagreements, that define the positions.
Macwilliams, Cosgrove, Smith, Robinson. An
Exploration of Young Women’s Attitudes Towards Pro-Choice. Report
Commissioned by the Pro-Choice Public Education Project. Mamaroneck,
NY: self published, 1997.
This useful analysis of focus groups
with young women reveals the extent to which anti-choice activists
have affected their attitudes.
McKeegan, Michele. Abortion Politics: Mutiny
in the Ranks of the Right. New York: Free Press, 1992.
An important history of the anti-choice
movement, focusing on the Reagan administration. Includes a description
of the widening splits among post-Reagan political strategists
over how to use abortion opinion effectively.
Melich, Tanya. The Republican War Against
Women: An Insider’s Report From Behind the Lines. (New
York, NY: Bantam Books, 1996).
This book discusses the changes in the
Republican agenda, which sought to dismantle the gains made by
women during the Reagan and Bush administrations.
Merton, Andrew. Enemies of Choice: The Right-to-Life
Movement and its Threat to Abortion. Boston: Beacon Press,
A very readable, early expose of the
anti-choice movement from a liberal journalist’s perspective.
Mohr, James C. Abortion in America: The Origins
and Evolution of National Policy, 1800-1900. New York:
Summit Books, 1983.
A comprehensive history of the dramatic shift
in abortion social policy in the United States during the nineteenth
Morgan, Lynn M. and Meredith W. Michaels,
eds. Fetal Subjects: Feminist
Positions. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press,
This collection of feminist essays reflects
on the developing field of fetal medical ethics and civil rights
and dares to ask disquieting questions of the pro-choice movement.
The introduction and afterword are especially challenging to
our assumptions about what it means to be pro-choice and feminist.
Noonan, John T. A Private Choice: Abortion
in America in the Seventies. New York: Free Press, 1979.
A description of immediately-post-Roe America
by a Constitutional historian.
Novick, Michael. White Lies White Power:
The Fight Against White Supremacy and Reactionary Violence. Munroe,
ME: Common Courage Press, 1995.
An overview of the white power movement’s issues
with a chapter on
links between the Klan, neo-nazis and
the anti-abortion movement.
O’Connor, Karen. No Neutral Ground? Abortion
Politics in an Age of Absolutes. Boulder, CO: Westview
Published as part of a “Dilemmas in
American Politics” series, this book portrays the abortion politics
as a polarized debate. Useful documentation of the history of
abortion opposition in the U.S.
Paige, Connie. The Right to Lifers: Who They
Are, How They Operate, Where They Get Their Money. New
York: Summit Books, 1983.
An early, very readable book about anti-choice
men and women and their relationships with the New Right.
Petchesky, Rosalind Pollack. Abortion and
Woman’s Choice: The State, Sexuality, and Reproductive Freedom. New
York: Longman, 1984.
An important feminist analysis of sexual
politics, reproductive freedom and the symbolism of abortion
for both the Right and the Left.
Risen, James and Judy Thomas. Wrath of Angels:
The American Abortion War. New York: Basic Books, 1998.
This highly readable account, written
by two investigative journalists, chronicles twenty years in
the lives of several key personalities in the abortion debate.
Roberts, Dorothy. Killing the Black Body:
Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty. NewYork:
Vintage Books, 1999.
A thorough, chilling summary of the
systematic abuse of African American women’s bodies.
Schroedel, Jean Ruth. Is
the Fetus a Person?: A Comparison of Policies Across the
Fifty States. Ithaca, NY: Cornell U.
A comprehensive comparison of how each state
responds to abortion and a range of child welfare issues concludes
that states with stronger anti-choice laws have less support
for children once they are born.
Silliman, Jael and Ynestra King, eds. Dangerous
Intersections: Feminist Perspectives on Population, Environment,
and Development. Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 1999.
These articles, assembled by the Committee
on Women, Population and the Environment, highlight the connections
between population policy and women’s lives, especially their
reproductive rights. Useful reflections on the impact of conservative
thinking on global policies affecting women.
Solinger, Rickie, ed. Abortion Wars: A Half-Century
of Struggle 1950-2000. Berkeley: University of California
An important collection of essays reflecting
on the abortion controversy in the U.S. over the last fifty years.
Spelman, Elizabeth V. Inessential Woman:
Problems of Exclusion in Feminist Thought. Boston: Beacon
A philosophical analysis of the limitations
of feminism, with a section on gender and race.
Steinhoff, Patricia G., and Milton Diamond. Abortion
Politics: The Hawaii Experience. Honolulu: University Press
of Hawaii, 1977.
A description of the early electoral
struggles for abortion rights in Hawaii, the first state to repeal
its anti-abortion statute in 1970.
Swomley, John M. Compulsory Pregnancy: The
War Against American Women. Amherst NY: Humanist Press,
A collection of reprints from the President
of Americans for Religious Liberty, these essays are reflections
from a faith-based perspective on the moral issues related to
Tatalovich, Raymond and Byron W. Daynes. The
Politics of Abortion: A Study of Community Conflict in Public
Policymaking. New York: Praeger, 1981.
Through an historical review, the authors
reflect on the abortion controversy from an objective, social
science-focused, perspective. Examines the governmental structures
that support public policy decision-making.
REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS BIBLIOGRAPHY
(sources from an anti-choice, anti-reproductive rights perspective)
Andrusko, Dave, ed. To Rescue the Future: the Pro-Life Movement in the
1980’s. Harrison, NY: Life Cycle Books, 1987.
A review of the achievements of the “pro-life” movement
in the decade of the ‘80s from the editor of similar annual reviews.
Beckwith, Francis J. Politically Correct
Death: Answering the Arguments for Abortion Rights. Grand
Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1993.
A conservative’s collection of debate responses
to pro-choice arguments.
Bohan, James F. The House of Atreus: Abortion
as a Human Rights Issue. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1999.
An attempt to present the conflicting claims
of women, fetuses and society.
Brennan, William. The Abortion Holocaust:
Today’s Final Solution. St. Louis, MO: Landmark Press,
An comparison between the Third Reich and “Roe
v. Wade America,” arguing that abortion is a modern resurrection
of “one of history’s most monstrous chapters.”
Crutcher, Mark. Access: The Key to Pro-life
Victory. Denton, TX: Life Dynamics Publications, n.d.
A Life Dynamics, Inc. pamphlet that
suggests that limited access to abortion services will be the
single most effective way to end abortion in the US.
__________. Lime 5: Exploited by Choice. Denton,
TX: Life Dynamics Publications, 1996.
A “behind-the-scenes” look at abortion providers and the women
they serve from one of the most vocal, hard Right, anti-choice
_________. Quack the Ripper: News from the
Red Light District of Medicine. Denton, TX: Life Dynamics
This is the latest format of a cartoon book
that is part of a direct mail campaign to medical students that
vilifies abortion providers and pro-choice activists.
Gilder, George F. Sexual Suicide. New
York, NY: Bantam, 1975.
The author explains traditional family
and sex role differences among men and women as a necessary balance
between aggressive “maleness” and the civilizing force of “femaleness.”
Grant, George. Immaculate Deception. Chicago,
IL: Northfield Publishing, 1996.
This indictment of Planned Parenthood
focuses on the author’s claim that the organization’s broad impact
on health care, legal services, abortion and contraceptive services
is vulnerable and declining.
McCorvey, Norma with Gary Thomas. Won by
Love. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1997.
The second book by the Jane Roe of Roe
v. Wade, describing her born-again process at the hands
of Operation Rescue leader Flip Benham.
Nathanson, Barnard N. with Richard N. Ostling. Aborting
America: A Case Against Abortion. New York, NY: Pinnacle
The autobiography of a former abortion
provider turned anti-choice spokesperson.
O’Leary, Dale The Gender Agenda: Redefining
Equality. Lafayette, LA: Vital Issues Press, 1997.
A conservative journalist’s analysis of the
hidden agenda of feminism as an attempt to ruin traditional sex
roles by creating absolute equity between men and women.
Powell, John, S.J. Abortion: The Silent Holocaust. Allen,
TX: Argis Communications, 1981.
Half autobiography, half Catholic version of Whatever
Happened to the Human Race (see Schaeffer entry below),
this back-pocket-sized book follows a pro-life spokesman through
his spiritual and political development.
Rae, Scott B. Brave New Technologies: Biblical
Ethics and Reproductive Technologies. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker
Book House, 1996.
An investigation of the moral issues
involved in several reproductive technologies from a Christian
ethicist who struggled as a member of an infertile couple himself. Includes
advice for other couples in similar situations.
Ruff, Robert H. Aborting
Planned Parenthood: Documented Proof of Planned Parenthood’s
Systematic Exploitation of Teenagers and Taxpayers. Lewiston,
NY: Life Cycle Books, 1988.
Ruff’s criticism of Planned Parenthood addresses
such topics as “the tragedy of ‘safe sex’,” “the failure of sex
education,” and “the scandal of government funding.”
Schaeffer, Francis A. and C. Everett Koop, M.D.,
Whatever Happened to the Human Race? Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming
H. Revell Co., 1979.
The source for much of the anti-choice strategists’ thinking.
Schaeffer the “prophet” who led Protestants into active opposition
to abortion. Surgeon General Koop’s early anti-choice roots.
Scheidler, Joseph M. Closed: 99 Ways to Stop
Abortion. Westchester, IL: Crossway Books, 1985.
The classic text on how to harass and close down abortion clinics
by the father of anti-choice direct action.
Terry, Randall A. Accessory to Murder: The
Enemies, Allies, and Accomplices to the Death of our Culture. Brentwood,
TN: Wolgemuth and Hyatt Publishers, 1991.
A diatribe not only against Planned
Parenthood, NOW and other “hard core feminists” but against those
parts of the Christian Right that do not agree with Terry’s tactics.
________. Why Does a Nice Guy Like Me…Keep
Getting Thrown in Jail? Lafayette, LA: Huntington House
A further development of Terry’s theology
from his 1991 book, clarifying why he disagrees with other Christians
over his Operation Rescue activities.
Reagan, Ronald, Abortion and the Conscience
of the Nation. New York: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1984.
Afterwords by C. Everett Koop and Malcolm Muggeridge.
White House staffers produced this slim
volume on behalf of Reagan as a demonstration of his commitment
to the pro-life cause.
Family Policy. A magazine published the
Family Research Council. The September-October, 1999 issue is
devoted to the issue of abortion.